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James P. Leonard, MD

Dr. Leonard is an orthopedic specialist at Midwest Orthopaedic Consulting, specializing in shoulder reconstruction, arthroscopy, and sports medicine. He pursued a sports medicine and shoulder surgery fellowship at Vanderbilt University, completed his residency at University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center, and graduated medical school from Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago.

Recent Posts

Most Common Sports Injuries

Posted by James P. Leonard, MD on February 1, 2017

Sports and exercise are healthy activities for people of all ages. Recently, there has been an increasing trend for more active lifestyles through a wide variety of exercise programs and sporting activities. However, this increased involvement does carry the risk of injury. The most common sports injuries sideline millions of people each year, and this number is expected to rise along with the number of participants.

The term "sports injuries" refers to the types of injuries that occur during sports or exercise. Some result from accidents, while others are due to those that overdo or who don't properly train or warm up. Fortunately, most sports injuries can be treated effectively with return to the preinjury level of activity. Additionally, many can be prevented if people take the appropriate precautions.

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Topics: Sports

Shoulder Impingement: Can Acromioplasty Help Your Shoulder Pain?

Posted by James P. Leonard, MD on November 17, 2016

Shoulder pain is a common complaint shared by people of all ages and activity levels. By far the most common diagnosis, shoulder impingement syndrome accounts for 44-65% of all shoulder complaints.

When the arm is raised to shoulder height and above, the space between the roof of the shoulder (acromion) and the upper arm bone (humeral head) narrows. This space contains the muscles of the shoulder (rotator cuff) and a sac of lubricating fluid (bursa). Shoulder impingement occurs when the rotator cuff and bursa get pinched between the two bones as the arm is raised, leading to irritation and pain.

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Topics: Shoulder

MCL Sprain: Pain Relief and Treatment Options

Posted by James P. Leonard, MD on October 31, 2016

MCL sprain is a fairly common sports injury. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is a band of tissue that connects the thighbone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia) on the inside part of the knee. The MCL prevents the knee from buckling inward, and is the ligament most commonly injured in sports. The term "sprain" means an injured ligament. MCL is usually the result of a direct blow to the outside part of the knee commonly seen in contact sports such as football, soccer or rugby.

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Topics: Knee